000

Coins of the Parthian Empire



Map of Parthia


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IMAGE
DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE
Mithradates II 123-88 BC, silver drachm of 21 mm, 3.53 grams.
Obv: Bust of Mithradates II left, wearing tall helmet with cheek pieces.
Rev: beardless archer, seated right on throne; in right hand, bow; Greek inscription around.
Sellwood 28.1
Gotarzes I 95 - 90 BCE AR drachm
Obv: long-bearded bust left, wearing tiara with stag devices; diadem with two ends, ear flaps
Rev: beardless archer, seated right on throne; in right hand, bow; Greek inscription BASILEWS / MEGALOU / ARSAKOU / QEOPATROU NIKATOROS, legend on left read from outside
Mint: Ecbatana, undated
Sellwood 33.4
KINGS of ELYMAIS. Kamnaskires III. Circa 83/2-74/63 BC. AE Tetradrachm (30mm, 16.06 g).
Obv: Diademed bust left; behind, star in crescent above pellet and anchor symbol
Rev: Crude diademed bust left, degraded legend
CNG auction 144, Lot: 160.
Cf. Alram pg. 146, NB 1
Orodes I 80-77 BC, silver drachm of 19.1 mm, 3.31 grams.
Obv: Bearded bust of Orodes I left, long hair, wearing tall crown.
Rev: beardless archer, seated right on throne; in right hand, bow; Greek inscription around.
?
Orodes II 57-38 B.C., silver drachm of 22 mm, 3.97 grams.
Obv: bare-headed bust left with pointed beard, wearing diadem; royal wart on forehead, star before face, crescent with star below behind head, horse head end to torque.
Rev: archer seated right on throne holding bow; anchor-like symbol behind throne (Sellwood anchor iv). Blundered Greek legend.
Ecbatana, undated
Sellwood 48.9
Characene (41-40 BC) - AR-Tetradrachm Attambelos I, 11.59 g.
Obv: Obv: Diad. hd. r. with long beard. Bow or monogram before.
Rev: Naked Hercules, monogram l. upper field, letter M under arm, date below.
Ecbatana, undated.
ex: Frank Robinson Auction
Sear 6182
Phraates IV 38 - 2 B.C., silver tetradrachm, 13.08 grams.
Obv: diadem-headed bust left with pointed beard; royal wart on forehead, segmented necklet.
Rev: king seated right on throne, receiving a palm branch from Tyche left, holding a cornucopia; Greek inscription BASILEWS BASILEWN / ARSAKOU
Ex: Frank Robinson auctions
Sellwood 51
Phraates IV 38 - 2 B.C., silver drachm, 3.64 gms, Ecbatana nmint
Obv: diadem-headed bust left with pointed beard; royal wart on forehead, segmented necklet; Crescent/star in left field, Eagle crowning emperor in right.
Rev: king seated right on throne holding bow, Greek inscription BASILEWS BASILEWN / ARSAKOU
Ex: Cayon auction Dec. 2005 lot 71.
Sellwood 52
Gotarzes II 40 - 51 CE AR Tetradrachm
Obv:
Rx: King enthroned right; Tyche standing left presenting diadem & holding cornucopiae. Greek inscription NT or Year 350 of the Seleucid era - 39/40 CE.Thanks to Chris Hopkins of Parthia.com for help attributing this one.
Ex: CNG
Sellwood type 65
Volgases III 105 - 147 CE
Obv: King left
Rev: Archer enthroned; Greek legend around.
Ecbatana mint
Sellwood type 78.4
Parthian Kingdom. Circa AD 116. AR Drachm (21mm, 3.85 g, 12h). Ekbatana mint
Obv: Diademed, bearded bust left, wearing tiara
Rev: Arsakes I seated right on throne, holding bow; monogram below bow..
Ex: CNG auction 142 lot# 68
Sellwood 81.1; Shore 424
Elymais, Orodes I (130 to 147 AD) AE Drachm (2.97 gr)
Obv: Bust left, with long beard and wearing diademed tiara ornamented with anchor. Pellet within crescent above anchor with one bar, to right.
Rev: Field filled with dashes.
Sear GIC 5895 var.
Elymais, Orodes I (130 to 147 AD) AE Drachm
Obv: Profile of prince, left, draped, wearing the tiara adorned with the anchor, necklace and earring, long pointed beard.
Rev: Anchor in a laurel wreath roughly represented by a collection of dashes.
The mint is Ecbatana.
de Morgan 27 or Sear 5895
Parthian Kingdom. Vologases IV. A.D. 147-191. Billon tetradrachm (25 mm, 13.07 g). Seleukeia.
Obv: Diademed, bearded bust left, wearing tiara; B behind
Rev: Tyche standing right, holding sceptre and presenting diadem to Vologases seated left; date above = Alpha + theta = 501 of the Macedonian calendar or 188 AD.
Ex: John Lavender
Sellwood type 84
Parthian Kingdom. Vologases IV. A.D. 147-191. Silver Drachm, 3.72g, 12h. Ecbatana.
Obv: Bust left with long, tapering and square cut beard, wearing double banded diadem with double loop, and tiara with earflaps, decorated with "hooks" on crest, ear and earring visible, spiral torque, dotted border.
Rev: Archer enthroned right, pellet above arm, monogram below bow, Aramaic (King Vologases), followed by a six-line stylised and totally blundered "Greek" inscription
Ex: Trusted Coins
Sellwood type 84.128




Coins of the Sasanian Empire





IMAGE
DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE
Shahpur II 309 - 379 CE AR Drachm 4.19 gms
Obv: Emperor crowned and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: Fire altar, with attendants and ribbon. Bare headed bust in flame right.
Ex; Harlan Berk
?
Yazdegerd 438 - 457 CE AR Drachm
Obv: Emperor right; crescent above.
Rev: Fire altar
To come as close as possible to manipulating a sasanian coin without touching, click on this link to the the Museum of Iran. This is neat!
?
Peroz I 459 - 484 CE AR Drachm, 3.98 gms.
Obv: Bearded bust of emperor right; winged crown crescent and globe above.
Rev: Fire altar with attendants. Star & crescent above.
mint: AW - Ardashir?
Ex: Frank Robinson auctions
Gobl SN III/3
Kavad I (Second reign 499 - 531 CE) AR Drachm
Obv: Emperor right; star to left and right, pellets on garment.
Rev: Fire altar and attendants
Gobl SN III/2

Khusru I. Circa 531-579 AD. Billon Drachm (30mm, 4.03 gm): Year 21 = 552
Obv: Khusru right; Crescent & stars above Rx: Fire altar with attendants.
Ex: Calgary coins
?
Hormazd IV (579 - 590 AD) AR Drachm, 4.02 gms.
Obv: Facing bust, head right, wearing crown with tassel to left and surmounted by crescent; star & crescent to right, star left. star over left shoulder, rosette over right..
Rev: Fire altar with star & crescent above; two attendants standing facing, wearing tall headgear, both hands on sword hilt, all inside single dotted-border; uncertain mint. Regnal year 12
Ex: Frank Robinson auctions
Gobl SN, Hormizd IV, Ia/1
Hormazd IV (579 - 590 AD) AR Drachm
Obv: Emperor right; star to left, star/crescent left.
Rev: Fire altar and attendants
?
Anonymous hemidrachm dated year 132 (=167 AH, =784 AD)
Obv: Khusru right; Crescent & stars
Rev: Fire altar with attendants; date to left of the fire altar - mint name Tabaristan to the right.
Discovery Channel note: The flame at the center of the Zoroastrian religion has been kept in central Iran for the past 2500 years. The flame has not been extinguished.
Thanks to Alan Humphries and Howard Cole for their help with this one.
Walker - 304, Pl.XXVI, no.11
NEZAK HUNS. Kabul Region. Circa 515-650 AD. Billon Drachm (30mm, 3.38 gm).
Obv: Bust right with winged buffalo headdress Rx: Fire altar with attendants; wheel-rosettes above.
Ex CNG electronic auction 82
Gbl, Hunnen, Em. 200.

Photo credits: Parthian Door lintel & Head of a king, probably Shapur II, 4th century A.D.; Sasanian period: Metropolitan Museum - www.metmuseum.org
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