Coins of Europe - Pre 1800
Sorry, but to save room I had to take down the images for these coins.


IMAGE
DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE
William I, the Conqueror, AD 1066-1087, AR Penny, 20 mm. (3.27 g)
Obv: PILLEMVS REX, crowned facing bust.
Rev:B(orR)IHTPO ON CANTL, central cross with four annulets with letters PAXS (Peace). Canterbury moneyer Brihtwold
Thanks to Peter Dearing and Allistair Mackay for attribution
?
Hungary, Bella II - 1131 - 1141 AR denar; 12mm .61 gms.
Obv: Stylised facing head. AR
Rev: Cross within concentric circles.
Hus 50
France Feudal, Anonymous Bishops, 12th century, AR Denier, .69 grams.
Obv: Squared cross with CATVRCICS around. AR
Rev: CHI-RHO with an A below, flanked by two small crosses, with CIVITAS around, Mint: Cahors.
Ex: Calgary Coins
Roberts-4316, Mayhew-115
Germany, Salzwedel @ 1300; Bracteate with intaglio reverse .41 gms.
From Peter Dearing:They were issued particularly in the german states in 12th/13th centuries, perhaps longer. They seldom, if ever, have an inscription and at one time weren't even believed to be coins, so it makes them very difficult to identify... I would guess that Salzwedel is a town. Apparently, bracteates were made using one upper die with the (very thin) flan resting on a piece of leather.
?
Bulgarian AR Grosh Ivan Alexander (1331 - 1337 A.D.) 21 mm, 1.40 g.
Obv: Christ enthroned facing, hands raised in benediction.
Rev: Ivan Alexander (left) and Michael Asen (right) both sides of banner. Monograms in Cyrillic in both sides.
?
England, Edward III, 1351-1361 (reigned 1327-1377), AR Penny (16mm).
Spink/Seaby 1602 or 1603, Fourth coinage, pre-treaty.
Obv. crown, EDWARDVS REX ANGLI?, crowned bust facing.
Rev. CIVITAS EBORACI, long cross with three pellets in each angle.
?
Milan, Gian Galeazzo II - 1395 - 1402 AR pegione; 23mm 1.72. gms.
Obv: St Ambrose facing. AR
Rev: Fancy Cross.
?
Paduan 15th Century
Obv: Lucius Verus' bust right.
Rev: Emperor driving quadriga left.
A Renaissance reproduction of a Roman Sestertius.
?
Elizabeth I Hammered AR penny Circa 1558-1603
Obv: Frilled and crowned bust left; legend around.
Cross with coat of arms behind; Legend around.
Tower mint
?
Netherlands, Dordrecht 1575, Jeton - Religious disputes
Obv: Flame on book; SERMO DEI IGNIS INEXTINGVIBILIS
REV: FLAMING HEARTS; 1575, TVA MANUS FECIT HOC DNE
EX: TOM VOSSEN
?
Poland, Sigismund III, AD 1587 to 1632; 3 Groschen; struck 1596.
Head of Sigismund III right, with SIGI 3 D G REX PO M D L 96 around
III (for 3 Groschen) at the top above a shield, flanked by and eagle and horseman, with GROS ARG TRIP REG POLONIAE, with a small shield with a lion in it, flanked by I F. flowers left and right
?
Sicily, Phillipo III AE tre piccioli @ 1600
Obv: 3.
Rev: Eagle.
?
PHILIP III, 1614 (1.14 gm),
Obv: Philip's frilled bust left between A-R
Rev: Coat of arms.
?
Hungary AR Denar 1619
Obv: Madonna and child; Patro(na) Hvnga(riae).
Rev: Coat of arms. Mint: K-B (Kormocbanya = Kremnitz = Kremnica; now in Slovakia)
Huszar 1141. Matthias 2
POLAND, sil 1-1/2 Poltorok, 1627 (20 mm),
Obv: Orb with cross
Rev: Coat of arms
?
Lithuania Johann Casimir Schilling 1663-1666
Obv: Johann right
Rev: Mounted knight charging left.
?
GERMANY, jeton, AE28, No Date
Obv: laureate young bust R, LVD XIIII D G FR ET NAV REX
Rev: crowned arms of France, CONRAD LAVFFERS RECHEN PFENING
by Conrad Lauffer, 1637-68
?
Scotland, Charles I , 1642; two pence (aka Turner or Bodle).
Thistle with inscription around
Crown with CR below and inscription around
?
SPAIN, PHILIP IV, 1654 (1.50 gm),
Obv: Philip's frilled bust left between A-R
Rev: Coat of arms.
?
SPAIN, PHILIP IV, 1661
8 MARAVEDIS
Obv: Frilled bust right in circle. His inscription around.
Rev: latin inscription around Coat of Arms.
?
Habsburg empire, Leopold VI "the Hogmouth", 1674 - Hungarian emission
Sil 6 Kreuz (27 mm)
Obv: Bust right in circle, inscription around.
Rev: Madonna & child, Hungarian shield below.
Mint: K-B
Huszar 1450
Spain, CHARLES III, 1709 (.74 gm),
Obv: Charles' crowned bust left.
Rev: Coat of arms.
?
Spain, CHARLES III, 1709, 2 dineros (1.19 gm),
Obv: ?
Rev: 1709 and inscription around globe
?
Portugual 10 Reales 1724
Obv: Coat of Arms
Rev: latin inscription around Wreathed X
?
Dutch Duit 1732
Obv: Lion on shield with crown
Rev: VOC w/ flower and two pellets above
?
Russia Catherine the Great 1773 5 Kopeks AE 41 mm
Obv: Wreathed royal monogram.
Rev: Russian double eagle insignia.
?
England Half pence 1788
Condor "druid" token
Obv: Cowled druid left
Rev: Anglesey Mines mint; royal monogram.
Royal British mints did not produce "lowly" copper coins at this time. They contracted this job to the locals.
?
England George III 1/2 pence
Obv: Bust right
Rev: Britannia on shore with trident; ship on horizon.
?
Napoleon 1813
Obv: Bustleft
Rev: 20 Francs in wreath. - Just had to include The Little Corporal here
?

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